Drinking water is an essential part of our daily lives as human beings, but the type of water you consume is up to you. You either can go for some bottled water, tap water, well water or filtered water. When you think of bottled water, you assume that it has gone through some sort of filtration process to make it safer for consumption, but in reality that isn’t always the case. Not all bottled water companies put their water through an intensive filtration process like you’d assume. About a quarter of the time water bottle companies actually are just bottling up tap water and then they sell it to their consumers (NRDC). To top it all off, a lot of well known bottled water companies are actually taking the water they use for consumption from the most drought ridden places (Mother Jones). Ethically and environmentally consistently buying bottled water isn’t the best way to go, but if ever do find yourself needing a plastic water bottle, be sure to recycle it. Water bottles like that are 100% recyclable, but only 27% are actually recycled! Filling up our landfills and oceans with more and more junk (Green America).
Many don’t realize, but tap water has to be treated too. Public water is treated with chlorine and fluoride, which is something not everyone agrees on (CNN), but the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has to maintain a certain quality of water that comes out of your tap so it is safe for consumption. In major cities tap water has to be disinfected, filtered and tested for certain things while bottled water is not and doesn’t have to be. To put it into a better perspective, once a week bottled water companies have to test for coliform bacteria, while a city tap is required to be tested 100 times a month. Sometimes even more than that (NRDC)! If you only have access to well water, then be sure to have a company come out and make sure the quality of your water is safe to drink.
Your best bet always is going to be setting up a water filtration system in your home. This doesn’t have to be as costly as it sounds, and we’re here to help you pick the best one for your hydration needs.
1. Gravity Based Purifier
These types of systems do not need to run off of electricity, instead they work off of gravity. They sound super complicated and futuristic, but they only contain two chambers that give different pressures to the water that in turn filters out contaminants (USA Today). They are extremely low maintenance, very affordable and don’t make your electricity bill sky rocket, which are all ideal for any homeowner. Usually with gravity purifiers they tend to use activated carbon filters and a ultrafiltration membrane to take out the harmful components in the water. It is the most advanced process to take out harsh bacteria without using any sort of potent chemicals in return for the filtration. Unfortunately it does not filter out metals and salts from the water, nor is it ideal for someone living in an area with water that has high levels of TDS (Best UF Water Purifier).
2. Reverse Osmosis Water Purifier
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A reverse osmosis filtration system is ideal for people trying to improve the taste, remove impurities, save money and not have to worry about maintenance. This system is something that is installed to the kitchen tap, and it can also be connected to your fridge! There are even more extreme versions of RO systems that are tied to the main water line in your home so that the water will reach all areas of the house (ESP Water Products). This type of filter is nice for people who are worried about the amount of heavy metals and salt that is in their drinking water since this process is good for removing things like mercury, arsenic, fluoride and plenty more. The main con with RO systems is that you do lose water during the filtration process (USA Today).
3. Universal Water Purifier
Universal water purifiers are also known as multi-stage water purification systems. This option is going to be a bit pricier, but if you’re someone who wants your water to taste pristine and be able to reach the highest of quality standards, this is the type of system for you. These systems are actually able to go through multiple types of filtering processes, which means you can remove an immense amount of contaminants in your water at one time (USA Today).
4. Ultrafiltration Water Purifier
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If the reverse osmosis filter sounded like you’re cup of tea, but you want a little bit more out of your filtration system, the UF purifiers might be just right for you. This has the same features that a reverse osmosis filter does, but it contains a larger mechanism that gets rid of more bacteria than the RO filter does. The RO filters also get out the salt and heavy metal content, but the UF systems do not have this feature since it is more focused on getting rid of germs (USA Today).
5. UV Water Purifier
UV water purifiers radiate out viruses and bacteria that are harmful to your body using just UV technology. Some systems use chemicals to get rid of unwanted organisms, but since this one does not it doesn’t give your water an unflattering taste. It is one of the most green friendly water filtration options for you. Sadly though, certain chemicals like arsenic, nitrates and fluoride will not be something that this process gets rid of (USA Today).
6. Distillation Filters
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If you want the most environmentally safe and natural way to go about filtering your water, distilling may be right up your alley. The process of distilling your drinking water starts by taking different components of your water and separating it with evaporation, then condensation. It removes heavy metals and contaminants during this cycle. A downfall to this process is that it does make the water taste flat to some people since it lacks oxygen and removes the minerals from your water. Purifying systems usually add in the minerals at the end of the process, which you can do yourself if you prefer the taste, but still want the benefits of distilled water (Water Filter Magazine).
7. Cheapest Alternatives
If these more hi-tech systems aren’t in your budget or if you’d rather have something simpler, you can always go for a faucet attachment water filter, have one for you to keep in your refrigerator or grab a reusable water bottle that has an add-on filter. These are extremely cheap options that range from about $10-$40, and they that still do get the job done!
Whether you gravitate towards an intense or minimal filtration system, just remember that you should always be confident on the quality of your water. There is that perfect option for you out there just waiting for you, so don’t wait any longer. Water is a paramount part of your daily life that is not to be taken lightly. Keep on healthy hydratin’!